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The following study deals with how service robots will be able to support people in everyday life in an even more versatile and efficient way in the future. This is done by considering the modularity and cooperation of numerous robots in swarms. The robot was designed for the diverse tasks around the house and the work on public areas.
+ Current service robots are only specialized in the performance of one activity.
+ They can only open up a specific environment.
+ The nature of the environment, the weather and a wide range of different tasks place high demands on the robots.
+ The aim of the study is to develop a multifunctional and modular robot.
+ This consists of an intelligent control unit and several worker units.
+ They can be coupled to the control unit according to their purpose. A distinction is made between private and municipal applications.
+ The various worker units greatly expand the range of tasks of the Communal Robot. Mowing, watering, fertilising, snow blowers, spreading and other tasks are possible with them.
The control unit is stored together with the required work units.
The robot receives information about weather conditions and GPS data. Additional work plans can be created via an app.
As soon as the control unit knows what to do from the data received, it couples the corresponding worker unit.
The work (in this case lawn mowing) is done. The surroundings are scanned. In this way obstacles are avoided and additional information is collected. The next steps, such as targeted fertilisation or similar, can then be developed.
After the mowing process, the robot autonomously fetches the working unit for fertilisation.
It remembers the previously scanned areas and fertilises them.
When the work is done, the control unit puts the working unit down and drives to the inductive charging station.
The control unit receives the information that the path in front of the house must be cleared and gritted.
The control unit autonomously couples the snow blower and the gritting unit.
The path is cleared of snow and gritted.
When the work is done, the control unit puts down the working units and drives to the inductive charging station.
The Communal Robots are used in municipal areas in parks and other public areas. In contrast to private use, the worker units are indirectly coupled to the control unit. This has the advantage that one control unit can control several worker units and they can work in an organized way in a swarm. In order to increase efficiency, the worker units here are much larger and more robust. They can be equipped with appropriate tools as required.